H.W. Rowland
Salvage Vessels
Belgian Coast
Salvage Operations

Admiralty Salvage Section  and L&GSA Salvage Vessels

ship ID 63262
1856 built Blackwall wood screw gunboat 'Albacore' class
1870 sold to W. E. Joliffe as salvage vessel
1870 registered Liverpool

Registered as Hyaena in the Mercantile Navy List, 1900

"Nessmore November 1895 from Argyll Shipwrecks by Peter Moir and Ian Crawford

"Captain Young, of the Liverpool Salvage Association,who was in command  of the Hyaena, then kindly arranged for me a 60 candlepower Edison-Swan submarine incandescent lamp in the mouth of a tow net." from theScientific American Volume 59 Number 03 (July 1888) p. 40 source

"The LSA have been especially helpful in placing at the services of the committee (Liverpool Marine Biology Committee), year after year, for several days at a time, their useful steamer Hyaena thus enabling us to explore some of the more distant parts of the district.....Isle of Man, in May 1888 and April 1889....27 May 1887 Menai Straits.... in 1886....Captain Young, of the Liverpool Salvage Association,who was in command  of the Hyaena" source

HMSalvage Ship Wrangler
ship ID 6102608

1880 launched as a Banterer-class composite screw gunboat
1891 transferred to the coastguard
1903 became a boom defence vessel
1919 sold

  HMS Wasp sister ship to HMS Wrangler

HMS Mariner
ship ID 6130524
1884 built Devonport Royal Dockyard as a Mariner Class Composite Screw Sloop
1903 became a boom defence vessel
1917 lent to the Liverpool Salvage Association as a salvage vessel along with her sister-ship Reindeer
1922-1929 laid up
1929 sold to Hughes Bolckow of Blyth

  HMS Mariner by an unknown artist source

HMSalvage Ship Reindeer
ship ID 151081

1883 launched as gunvessel HMS Reindeer
1917 lent to Liverpool Salvage Association
1919 taken over by the Liverpool Salvage Association and renamed REINDEER 1
1924 sold to the Halifax Shipyard Ltd as a salvage ship
1932 abandoned at sea

Photograph of HMS Racer, sister ship to HMS Reindeer. source

In 1919 taken over by the Liverpool Salvage Association, Liverpool and was renamed REINDEER 1 source

HMS Melita or Ringdove or Ringdove's Aid or Restorer
ship ID 137212
1888 built in Malta as Royal Navy Mariner-class composite screw gunvessel of 8 guns
1915 renamed Ringdove
1920 sold to Falmouth Docks Board and renamed Ringdove's Aid
1927 sold to Liverpool & Glasgow Salvage Association and renamed Restorer
1937 Broken Up

Registered as Ranger in the Lloyds Register, 1930/1

   watercolour 1896 source

  from Jane T Rowland's (daughter of H.W. Rowland) photographic album

"Amazing Escape. Few vessels ever had narrower escape from disaster during the Great War than the 49-year-old salvage ship Restorer, formerly the H.M.S. Ringdoves Aid, which is being broken up just now in Liverpool. When passing through the English Channel in 1917 torpedo from an attacking German submarine passed clean through her hull, partially wrecked the engine room, yet failed to explode. The vessel, left with a gaping hole, in her side, was in serious difficulties, but managed to limp into under sail." from the Nottingham Evening Post - Thursday 15 July 1937

HMS Linnet or Linton
ship ID 1120835
1880 launched as gunvessel HMS Linnet
1904 sold to Liverpool Salvage Association and converted to a salvage vessel named Linton
1923 Broken up

Registered as Linnet in the Mercantile Navy List, 1910, she is also referred to as the Linton.

Date: Friday, 7 December 1907 source

HMS Linnet was built at the Thames Shipbuilding Co., Blackwall for the Royal Navy as a Type Gun Vessel 2nd Class, a composite double screw gunvessel and launched in 1880. After she was sold to the Liverpool Association for Protection etc in 1904, the ship was converted to a salvage vessel. In November 1914 loaned to the Admiralty Salvage Section and listed in the 'Royal Navy Ships receiving Naval Salvage & Prize Money' as Linton in the salvage of the SS Oldfield Grange

Oldfield Grange, SS, salvage by HMS Seahorse, Linton, Pert, Swarthy, 8 to 12 Jun 1917 (30958) source

ship ID 102075
1880 launched as naval gunboat HMS Ranger
1892/3 sold to Liverpool Salvage Association and converted to a salvage vessel
1904 converted to a salvage vessel named Linnet, Liverpool Salvage Association
1954 Broken up

Registered as Ranger in the Lloyds Register, 1930/1

Built by John Elder & Co., Govan, Scotland and scrapped in Liverpool by Henry Bath and Son, Ltd first quarter of 1954. additional details and photographs at source

Further details of the Ranger from the Royal Fleet Auxiliary Historical Society can be found at source.

  Photograph of Ranger moored at the Albert Dock, Liverpool. Date and source unknown.

The Ranger at sea from Ship Ashore, Adventures in Salvage by Desmond Young published by Jonathan Cape, London, 1932, facing page 32 by Stephen Cribb, Penzance.

Photograph of the Liverpool and Glasgow Salvage Association's tender 'Ranger' in the Mersey. PR 270, copyright unknown from source

Newspaper cutting from H. W. Rowland's daughter Jennie's photo album. The date is about 20 October 1947 as the reverse has an article about "Newsmen protest to Shinwell. Unfair reporting suggestion resented."

"THE LIVERPOOL SALVAGE STEAMER RANGER. There is at present lying in the Thames off the Tower Battery, the salvage steamer Ranger, belonging to the Liverpool Salvage Association, on whose quarterdeck yesterday a representative party of London underwriters and others were entertained at luncheon. The visitors were conducted over the vessel in three parties, directed respectively by the secretary, Mr. Rundell, Captain Young, and the chief engineer, and these gentlemen spared no pains in explaining the numerous salvage appliances with which the Ranger is equipped. Formerly the British gunboat Ranger (sister ship to the Condor, of Alexandria fame), this vessel has a gross tonnage of 400 tons, and is propelled by triple-expansion engines of 1,000 i.h.p. Steam is generated in two largo single - ended boilers working at a pressure of 185 lb. per square inch. These engines can drive the vessel at a speed of 12 knots, with 130 revolutions. The Ranger is composite built with two thicknesses of teak and steel frames, and is steel lined throughout, so that she can go alongside a wreck without fear of puncture. She has two steel masts of double thickness, and is equipped with powerful derricks, four of which are capable of lifting 30 tons each. Perhaps the most notable feature of her equipment is the six portable steam pumps. Each of these pumps can be taken out of the Ranger, and, with a portable boiler and the necessary gear, be installed on board a stranded vessel, and worked quite independently of the salvage steamer. The 12-inch portable pump has a capacity of 803 tons of water per hour, and the total outfit of pumps on board is capable of dealing with 4,500 tons per hour. An air compressor, compressing the air to 100 lb. per square inch, is fitted in the engine-room, and supplies the necessary power fur the numerous cutting and drilling pneumatic tools which can be used either above water or by the divers below. One such tool is the Boyer pneumatic hammer, which is especially useful for cutting away the jagged ends of a steamer's damaged plating, so that a strong wooden patch can be fitted over the gash. The pneumatic tools, which were supplied by the Consolidated Pneumatic Tool Company, can be used by divers when working at a distance from the Ranger, the power being transmitted by strong rubber pipes. There are powerful winches fitted on the deck, together with a complete series of steel hawsers and extra strong anchors for warping purposes. As salvage work has to be carried on night and day, when weather permits, an electric installation is a practical necessity. The Ranger has a dynamo, with a voltage of 65, which supplies the fixed and portable searchlights, the submarine lights, arc lights, and cargo clusters. The Ranger has been described as the most up-to-date and serviceable salvage steamer afloat and she leaves on Tuesday with the steamer Linnet in tow for Liverpool. Yesterday's visitors conveyed from Old Swan Pier by the twin-screw tender Winifred, and upon arrival at the Ranger were welcomed by Mr. W. A. Williams, the chairman of the Liverpool Salvage Association. At the luncheon the chair was occupied by Mr. Williams, and the party which numbered about 50, included:—Sir John H. Luscombe (of Lloyd's) ; Mr. Herbert Finch (Chairman of the Institute of London Underwrites); Mr. Thomas Davis (vice-chairman of the London Salvage Association) ; Mr. E. W. Nicholls, Mr. R. A. Ogilvie, and Mr. Douglas Owen (of the Alliance Marine Insurance Company) ; Mr. H. S. Edwards. Mr. Albert A. Head. Mr. F. A. Holman, Mr. H. W. Bridgwater. Mr. Percy Mackinnon. Mr. Hicks. Mr. R. A. Bussell. Mr. A. H. Tozer. Mr. Edward Tozer, Mr. W. M. Yaw, Mr. C. Page. and Mr. Chas. Wright (of Lloyd's); Mr. W. P. Shepherd (Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation); Mr. E. M. Shepherd (Ocean Marine Insurance Company); Mr. Irwin and Mr. E. Griggs (Merchants' Marine Insurance Company); Mr. H. Sumner and Mr. A. O. Wells (Maritime Insurance Company); Mr. J. Sandeman Allen Mr. James Shaw. and Mr. T. A. Clark (Union Marine Insurance Company); and Mr. F. H. Lowe (Sea Insurance Company), &c. Mr. Pretyman, Secretary of the Admiralty, also inspected the ship. Sir H. M. Hosier, K.C.B., Secretary of Lloyd's, and Mr. Joseph Lowrey, secretary of the Salvage Association, were prevented by business engagements from attending.
The CHAIRMAN, in proposing the toast of "the Visitors," said they were probably all aware that the Liverpool Salvage Association had recently purchased H.M.S. Linnet, now lying at Sheerness, and the Ranger would tow her round to Liverpool. They had a very fine record in the past, and whilst that record spoke for itself, he thought that those gentlemen London who were interested in salvage matters had not been fully satisfied as to the capability of the Liverpool Association to deal with very large cases. The present opportunity therefore of seeing for themselves the material used should convince them that their record was likely to be fully maintained in the future. They wished to enlist the sympathy of London underwriters interested in salvage eases. London, of course, was the great centre of underwriting, and the London Salvage Association had control of a large majority al the salvage cases which had to be dealt with. But the London Association had not been in existence so long as the Liverpool Association, nor were they possessed of the plant and steamers such as they had in Liverpool. Therefore, if the two associations come together, as they ought to come together—(hear, hear) --they would form a perfect system, and would be able to cope with all the salvage cases that might arise. They wanted to convince London underwriters that they were able to do all they promised. Their new steamer, the Linnet, was nearly as large as the Ranger, but she had a draught of water two feet less, and would therefore be able to deal with more cases than the Ranger. With those two vessels they would be able to satisfy all the demands that might be made upon them. They were glad to have had the Parliamentary Secretary of the Admiralty with them that morning, and he thought that that gentleman was much impressed with what he saw. They had already had cases to carry out for the Admiralty, and hoped to have others in the future. Up to quite recent years they had not undertaken any eases except on an agreed scale of charge of so much per day; but finding it was customary with underwriters and others to make contracts on the "no cure no pay" system, they felt they were bound to advance with the times and adopt that system. That they had done for two or three years past, and they found that it worked out satisfactorily. Their experience had been, however, that contracts on the terms of so much per day were more economical for underwriters than the "no cure no pay" principle. There seemed, however, to be a demand for the "no cure no pay" system, which was the system adopted by other salvage concerns, although those who wished to avail themselves of the scale of so much per day could still do so. After referring to the cases of the Milwaukee and the Lennox, both of which vessels broke in two, the chairman said he thought the improvements in salvage arrangements of late years had very much reduced the risks of underwriters, and that probably explained the profits obtained with reduced rates. They were very glad to have with them that day gentlemen whom they welcomed in that cordial spirit which they always liked to show to their confreres. He coupled with the toast the names of Sir John Luscombe (as representing Lloyd's underwriters). Mr. Finch, chairman of the Institute of London Underwriters, and Mr. Davis, deputy-chairman of the London Salvage Association. Concluding, be wished to say that they desired to work harmoniously with them, and for the good of all concerned.
Sir John Luscombe, replying on behalf of Lloyd's,  said he wished to return sincere thanks to the chairman for the kind way in which be had proposed their health, and also to the chairman and committee of the Liverpool Salvage Association for their kindness in inviting them down to inspect the Ranger. He only regretted that more of his brother underwriters were not able to come, and that Mr. de Rougemont, their chairman, was not present to reply to the toast. As underwriters, they had all more or less had experience of the Liverpool Salvage Association, and he was sure be was expressing the opinion of all underwriters when be said they felt certain that any business entrusted to that association was always most ably and most conducted—(hear, bear). They all felt that if they were so unfortutiate as to be with any ship or that happened to be in great trouble or distress if Liverpool undertook the salvage work, everything which skill, science, and ingenuity could do would be done. He quite endorsed all that the chairman had said with regard to working with the Loudon Association. There was room for both those associations, and there need to be no competition between them when they could work together the common good of all the underwriters concerned. He would conclude by again expressing on behalf of members of Lloyd's their best thanks to the chairman and committee of the Liverpool Salvage Association toe the kindness they had extended to them that day.
Mr. FINCH, on behalf of the Institute of London Underwriters, said he was glad to endorse fully all Sir John Luscombe had said. They now had an opportunity of seeing that the Ranger was not an obsolete, useless vessel, as some people had described her. Rather she was an up-to-date machine for the benefit and advantage of the underwriters, and he wished her success, "but, not too much of it"—(laughter).
Mr. Davis said he had great pleasure, on behalf of the London Salvage Association, in returning thanks for the toast which had been proposed. They in London had often heard of the Ranger, and now their eyes had seen her: they would now be is a better position to form an opinion as to her suitability for discharging the duties which their friends in Liverpool sometimes asked them to employ her in undertaking. The purchase of the Linnet as a companion to the Ranger would enable them to extend the sphere of their operations, because they had occasionally to employ salvage boats in all parts of the world. On behalf of the London Salvage Association he could say that they would always be ready, most carefully and sympathetically, to consider any offer the Liverpool Association might make for the use of the Ranger for the services for which she was fitted. With regard to the meeting that afternoon, he knew from personal experience how very hospitable their friends in Liverpool were, but he did not know that they were prepared to extend their hospitality to London. It was a looking a long way into the future when he suggested the possibility of being able to return the compliment at some future period. At the present time he saw no probability of the London Salvage Association being able to take a vessel, such as the Ranger, from London to Liverpool, on which to entertain their friends. Nothing, however, was impossible, and perhaps that idea was within the range of possibility.
Mr. E. W. Nicholls then proposed the health of the chairman. They all knew, he said, the active part that gentleman took in connection with the Liverpool Salvage Association, and they knew the good work he had done in connection therewith in years gone by.
The CHAIRMAN, responding, said he appreciated very much the honour they had paid him. There was one remark he wished to make: The Liverpool Salvage Association was not conducted for profit, as all such profits were devoted to the improvement of their plant or in the reduction of their fees, and therefore the more business they had, the more likely it was that they would have more efficient appliances sod be aide to charge lower." from Lloyd's List - Friday 13 May 1904

Two views of the Ranger straddling the Oceana during salvage operation can be seen in Salvage Operations

There is an article entitled THE GOOD OLD "RANGER" by James E. Pearce in the 1997 Bulletin of The Liverpool Nautical Research Society pp. 4-8

Ranger crew list 1917 at The National Archives BT99/3300